Robert Helm - Azazel in Early Jewish Tradition (170.0 Kb)

Cover of Robert Helm's Book Azazel in Early Jewish TraditionBook downloads: 235
The term" Azazel," which appears four times in the prescriptions for the Day of Atonement (Lev 16:8, 10, 26), has elicited much debate. Although many scholars have identified Azazel with a demonic figure to whom the sin-laden scapegoat was dispatched,1 the term remains undefined in the biblical text. This article will attempt to demonstrate that two noncanonical Jewish works, 1 Enoch and the Apocalypse of Abraham, reveal a tradition in which Azazel was regarded as a demon, and in which the scapegoat rite was utilized as a sy... More >>>Note that, unfortunately, not all my books can be downloaded or ordered on CD due to the restrictions of copyright. However, most of the books on this site do not have copyright restrictions. If you find any copyright violation, please contact me at . I am very attentive to the issue of copyright and try to avoid any violations, but on the other hand to help all fans of magic to get access to information.
Editors Rating Robert Helm's Books List
Community Rating
Download All Books
If you are having difficulty downloading books, or you are looking for a book that is not on the site (but maybe it is in my home library), please write me a email to and I will try to help, I can send the book by e-mail
To make a one-time donation with custom amount click the "Donate" button below.


To make recurring (each month) donation click the "Subscribe" button below.




Donate Cryptocurrency
Bitcoin (BTC) Address:3CyHyov1fMUnJj6J6GRYyB4NV7U1j1FvWb
Bitcoin Cash (BCH) Address:bitcoincash:ppx42986wtem2wsx4dx250csz5vyfhqjay3md07ukj
Etherium (ETH) Address:0x2a072496e7Bf08F18f1753b3D57F10a4e628B682
Litecoin (LTC) Address:LWZzWgmnyPC6of8breqwxyCWwqgCiFmNvf
Dogecoin (DOGE) Address:D9mHh7TJcY7BAC4i96f3f4GgDEX4MVXDXd
Monero (XMR) Address:4GdoN7NCTi8a5gZug7PrwZNKjvHFmKeV11L6pNJPgj5QNEHsN6eeX3DaAQFwZ1ufD4LYCZKArktt113W7QjWvQ7CW9pjKFNhv1QM62k3MM
ZCash (ZEC) Address:t1Yg6o3vA4rMAVbE8CX26LcH7cwN7k3x8kZ
Dash (DASH) Address:XeAdGAqN1KazEXPspmMGrQWJGuqVBNUPeR

Since darkbooks.org began in early 2008, visitors have downloaded thousands of free ebooks. While I am happy to donate my time to providing you this resource, I do pay monthly web server/files storage costs to keep this site on the air. Please consider making a donation to help me offset these costs and continue to provide free ebooks. Even a small contribution helps :)

Category 1:  Devil and Satanic
Category 2: 
Category 3: 
Author:      Robert Helm
Format:      eBook
The term" Azazel," which appears four times in the prescriptions for the Day of Atonement (Lev 16:8, 10, 26), has elicited much debate. Although many scholars have identified Azazel with a demonic figure to whom the sin-laden scapegoat was dispatched,1 the term remains undefined in the biblical text. This article will attempt to demonstrate that two noncanonical Jewish works, 1 Enoch and the Apocalypse of Abraham, reveal a tradition in which Azazel was regarded as a demon, and in which the scapegoat rite was utilized as a symbol of demonic expulsion. Hence it will be argued that a segment of ancient Jewish apocalypticists found a symbol of eschatological victory over demonic forces in the rite involving Azazel and the scapegoat. (Robert Helm)