Stephen Flowers - The Galdrabok An Icelandic Grimoire (copyrighted book, review only)
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The so-called Galdrabok,' or "Book of Magic," is the single most important document for understanding the practice of magic in late medieval Iceland. It is especially important in that it give, a unique insight into the various religio-magical elements that went into a synthetic national magical tradition in Iceland all the time of its compilation. No other document of comparable age gives so many details of the preservation of the archaic Germanic gods, cosmology, and magical practices as does this little manuscript. Here w... More >>>
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The so-called Galdrabok,' or "Book of Magic," is the single most important document for understanding the practice of magic in late medieval Iceland. It is especially important in that it give, a unique insight into the various religio-magical elements that went into a synthetic national magical tradition in Iceland all the time of its compilation. No other document of comparable age gives so many details of the preservation of the archaic Germanic gods, cosmology, and magical practices as does this little manuscript. Here we are not dependent on folktales or indirect reports through confessions exacted by the tortures of the Inquistion or other churchly authorities to reconstruct the magicoreligious views of the galdramenn (magicians) of the day instead, we have direct evidence of actual practices written by the magicians' own hands. In many ways the Galdrabok is to the Icelandic folktales of magic' what the runic inscriptions are to the accounts of magic recorded in the sagas. They provide factual corroboration of what otherwise might have been considered, form of fantasy.
In this volume the reader will find not only an annotated translation of the complete Galdrabok but also a similar treatment of selections from other written sources of Germanic magical practice from all of the Germanic peoples. However, in no region did the old ways and the old gods and goddesses survive so well as in Iceland. And because we are focusing on these texts for what is uniquely Germanic about them, leaving as secondary what is common to every European tradition, we will concentrate mainly on Icelandic sources in this study. Our two principal areas of interest will be the preservation of the old gods and the preservation of the unique forms of Germanic magical practice inherited from the heathen age.
In preparing this work for modern publication, I've made every effort to remain true to the original text of the Gaklrabok. Irregularities in capitalization and spelling are left as in the original as they may have special meaning or significance.
Stephen Edred Flowers (born May 5, 1953), commonly known as Stephen E. Flowers, and also by the pen-names Edred Thorsson, and Darban-i-Den, is a former American professor, scholar, runologist, runosophist, go?i and proponent of occultism, Odianism, esoteric runosophy, Germanic mysticism, Asatru, and Mazdaism, being instrumental in the early establishment of the Germanic Neopagan movement in North America and has also been very active in Left-Hand Path occult organizations. He has over three dozen published books and hundreds of published papers and translations on a disparate range of subjects. Flowers advocates "Esoteric Runology and runosophy" and "Odianism" (occultist aspects of Germanic Neopaganism).
In 1989, Flowers was expelled from the Odinic Rite (OR) following his Open Letter to the Leadership of the Asatru/Odinist/Troth Movement wherein he detailed his involvement with the Temple of Set. Thorsson later responded in full to this condemnation by the OR.
Sweyn Plowright, a former member of the Rune Gild who resigned from the organization in 2000, has referred to the philosophy of Flowers as being "neo-Satanic" and antinomian. As with others, he has propagated the belief that Flowers writings on Runes and Germanic Native Faith (Asatru/Odinism) is polluted with Setian/Satanic philosophy and ideals. Flowers has responded to these accusations, as have others. Flowers has also stated that he is "... not a Satanist but may be characterized as a practitioner of the left-hand path based on purely indigenous Indo-European models."
He has also been criticized by Freya Aswynn.
In addition to being a prolific writer, Flowers is known for translating obscure texts and manuscripts written in Icelandic, Old Norse and German into English, making many of them available to a wider range of readers.
As of September 20, 2012, Flowers' publishing house, Runa-Raven Press, ceased operations due to "damage done to the business in 2011." Flowers was sued by friend and business partner, Waldo Thompson.
Partial Stephen Edred Flowers bibliography:
A Primer of Rune Magic, 1975 (unpublished)
- Rebirth and Rites of Transformation in the Saga of Sigur?r Sigmundarson (M.A. degree thesis, 1979). This was later released on a limited basis within the Rune-Gild under the title Sigur?r, Rebirth and Initiation in 1985. It was later republished as Sigur?r: Rebirth and the Rites of - Transformation, Lodestar, copyright 2015 (preface refers to "2011" edition and written January 13, 2011. Not published until 2015 due to the destruction of Runa-Raven Press).
- Runes and Magic: Magical Formulaic Elements in the Elder Runic Tradition, May 1984 (Flowers' Ph.D doctoral dissertation paper). Republished in hardback by Peter Lang Publishing, December 31, 1986, ISBN 0-8204-0333-4 (250 copies of this work were printed in a prohibitively expensive edition). - Revised and expanded in a third edition on May 1, 2011 (Amazon details), by Lodestar, but preface is to the Second Edition, dated February 2009, and copyright 2014. Maybe not published until 2014 due to the destruction of Runa-Raven Press. ISBN 1-8859-7232-6.
- Futhark: A Handbook of Rune Magic, Red Wheel/Weiser, 1984 ISBN 0-87728-548-9
- Runelore: A Handbook of Esoteric Runology, Red Wheel/Weiser, 1987 ISBN 0-87728-667-1
At The Well of Wyrd, Red Wheel/Weiser, 1988; reprinted and re-titled Runecaster's Handbook: The Well of Wyrd, 1999 ISBN 1-57863-136-X
- The Truth about Teutonic Magic, Llewellyn, 1989 (Teutonic Magick Series)
- Rune Might: Secret Practices of the German Rune Magicians, Llewellyn (Teutonic Magick Series), 1989, 1990 (corrected edition). Runa-Raven Press, 2004 (Revised and Expanded Second Edition).
- A Book of Troth, Llewellyn, 1989, 1992 (Teutonic Magick Series). Runa-Raven Yrmin-Edition 2003 ISBN 0-87542-777-4
(ed./trans.) The Galdrabok: An Icelandic Grimoire, Red Wheel/Weiser, September 1989, ISBN 0-87728-685-X; Revised translation by Runa-Raven Press, 2005 as "Galdrabok: An Icelandic Book of Magic", ISBN 1885972431 (this second edition includes a completely revised translation and the explanatory notes have been doubled. The text consists of a substantial topical introduction that covers the history, theory and practice if magic in Iceland in the medieval and early modern periods. This is followed by the translation of the Galdrabok itself with copious explanatory notes. There are also a number of appendices which contains magical material from other Icelandic books of magic (galdrab?kur) as well as spells from other Germanic areas. - This is the hardcore traditional bedrock upon which the 2016 book "Icelandic Magic: The Mystery and Power of the Galdrabok Grimoire" by Flowers and published by Inner Traditions is based.)
- Fire and Ice: Magical Teachings of Germany's Greatest Secret Occult Order, Llewellyn (Teutonic Magick Series) 1990, 1995. Reprinted & retitled The - Fraternitas Saturni - or Brotherhood of Saturn: An Introduction to its History, Philosophy, and Rituals, Runa-Raven Press, 2006
(ed./trans.) The Secret of the Runes by Guido von List, Destiny Books (Inner Traditions), 1988. ISBN 0-89281-207-9
- The Nine Doors of Midgard, Llewellyn (Teutonic Magick Series) 1991, ISBN 0-87542-781-2. Reprinted & retitled as The Nine Doors of Midgard: A - Curriculum of Rune-Work, Runa-Raven Press, 1997 (second revised edition), 2003 ISBN 1-885972-23-7.
- Northern Magic: Mysteries of the Norse, Germans & English, Llewellyn, 1992. Reprinted & retitled Northern Magic: Rune Mysteries and Shamanism, Llewellyn, 1998 ISBN 1-56718-709-9
- Book of Ogham: The Celtic Tree Oracle, Llewellyn, 1992 ISBN 0-9754278-4-9
(ed./trans.) Rune-Magic by Siegfried Adolf Kummer, Runa-Raven Press, 1993. ISBN 1-885972-00-8
- Green Runa - The Runemaster's Notebook: Shorter Works of Edred Thorsson, Volume I (1978-1985), Runa-Raven Press, 1993. Second improved and expanded edition 1996. ISBN 1-885972-03-2
- Rune-Song Book & CD, Runa-Raven Press, 1993.
- An Introduction to the Germanic Tradition, Runa-Raven Press, 1994
- Black Runa - Being the Shorter Works of Stephen Edred Flowers: Produced for the Order of the Trapezoid of the Temple of Set (1985-1989), Runa-Raven Press, 1995
- Carnal Alchemy: A Sado-Magical Exploration of Pleasure, Pain and Self-Transformation, Runa-Raven Press, 1995, 2001. Republished in 2013 by Inner Traditions as Carnal Alchemy: Sado-Magical Techniques for Pleasure, Pain and Self-Transformation. (with Crystal Dawn Flowers)
- Hermetic Magic: The Postmodern Magical Papyrus of Abaris, Red Wheel/Weiser, 1995 ISBN 0-87728-828-3
- Runarmal I - The Runa Talks: Summer 1991ev, Runa-Raven Press, 1996
(ed./trans.) The Invincible by Guido von List, Runa-Raven Press, 1996
- Lords of the Left-Hand Path: A History of Spiritual Dissent, Runa-Raven Press, 1997. Republished as "Lords of the Left-Hand Path: Forbidden Practices & Spiritual Heresies - From the Cult of Set to the Church of Satan", Inner Traditions, 2012
- Johannes Bureus and Adalruna: Being a Study Toward the Delineation of the Historical Movement Toward the Northern Dawn Vol. 1, Runa-Raven Press, 1998
- (ed./trans.) Ibn Fadlan's Travel Report As it Concerns the Scandinavian Rus: Introduction and Commentary, Runa-Raven Press, 1998
- Witchdom of the True: A Study of the Vana-Troth and the Practice of Seidr, Runa-Raven Press, 1998
- (ed./trans.) A Concise Edition of Old English Runic Inscriptions, Runa-Raven Press; Reprint edition, 1999
- Wendish Mythology: Divinities and Religious Traditions of the Western Slavs, Runa-Raven Press, 1999. Republished by Lodestar, May 5, 2015.
- Studia Germanica, Volume I, Runa-Raven Press, 2000
- (ed./trans.) Strange Tales by Hanns Heinz Ewers, Runa-Raven Press, 2000
- Blue Runa: Edred's Shorter Works Vol. III (1988-1994), Runa-Raven Press, 2001
- Red Runa: Shorter Works Vol. IV (1987-2001), Runa-Raven Press, 2001
- (ed./trans.) The Secret King: Karl Maria Wiligut - Himmler's Lord of the Runes, Dominion/Runa-Raven Press, 2001 (ed., trans., and introduced. - Limited and hand numbered) ISBN 1-885972-21-0 (Clothbound hardcover). Paperback edition of original hardcover print, Dominion/Runa-Raven Press, 2001. Updated, retitled and republished as, The Secret King: The Myth and Reality of Nazi Occultism, Feral House, 2007. (with Michael Moynihan)
- True Brothers: A Guide to the Practice of Asatru in Prison, Runa-Raven Press, 2002, 2010. Lodestar, 2015.
- (ed./trans.) The Synagogue of Satan by Stanislaw Przybyszewski, Runa-Raven Press, 2002
- (ed./trans.) The Rune-Poems, Vol I: Introduction, Texts, Translations and Glossary, Runa-Raven Press, 2002. ISBN 1-885972-19-9
- A Source-Book of Seid (with James Chisholm), Runa-Raven Press, 2002.
- (ed./trans.) The EDDA as Key to the Coming Age by Peryt Shou, Runa-Raven Press, 2004
- (ed./trans.) The Religion of the Aryo-Germanic Folk: Esoteric and Exoteric by Guido von List, Runa-Raven Press, 2005
- The Magian Tarok: The Key Linking the Mithraic, Greek, Roman Hebrew and Runic Traditions with that of the Tarot, Runa-Raven Press, 2006. Lodestar, 2015
- Symbel: A Journal of Early Germanic Studies, Issue 1 (Fall 2006), The Woodharrow Institute for Germanic and Runic Studies, 2006
- Mainstays from Rune-Kevels, Volume 1 (1993-1998), Runa-Raven Press, 2006
- The Northern Dawn - A History of the Reawakening of the Germanic Spirit, Volume 1: From the Twilight of the Gods to the Sun at Midnight, Runa-Raven Press, 2006 (preface 2003).
- History of the Rune-Gild, Volume III: The Reawakening of the Gild (1980-2005), Smithville, Texas: Rune-Gild, 2007
- The Mysteries of the Goths, Runa-Raven Press, 2007 (Limited numbered and signed first edition of 500. Bound in purple with silver ink).
- Freemasonry and the Germanic Tradition, Runa-Raven Press, 2008
- (ed./trans.) The Practice of the Ancient Turkish Freemasons by Rudolf von Sebottendorf, Runa-Raven Press, March 3, 2011. Republished and retitled as Secret Practices of the Sufi Freemasons: The Islamic Teachings at the Heart of Alchemy, Inner Traditions, January 17, 2013.
- ALU, An Advanced Guide to Operative Runology, Red Wheel/Weiser, Dec 19, 2012
- The Good Religion: The Occidental Temple of the Wise Lord, Lodestar, March 20, 2014
- Runarmal II : Essays Out of Time, Lodestar, September 20, 2014
- Icelandic Magic: The Mystery and Power of the Galdrabok Grimoire, Inner Traditions, January 22, 2016
Other published works:
- Revival of Germanic Religion in Contemporary Anglo-Saxon American Culture, Mankind Quarterly 21:3 (1981), pp. 279-294.
- Toward an Archaic Germanic Psychology, Journal of Indo-European Studies 11:1-2 (1983), pp. 117-138
- (ed./trans.) Religious Sculpture in Roman Germania and Adjacent Regions by Peter Buchholz, Journal of Indo-European Studies, 12: 1-2 (1984), 31-75
- The Way of Wodan, Gnosis, 9 (Fall 1988), 30-35
- FringeWare Review Magazine Issue #3, 27 January 1994: The Secret of the Gothick God of Darkness or October 31, 1994 in Fringeware Review #6(66).
- Utgard Magazine of Northern Traditions, Issue #3, September 1998, published by Skergard. The Secret of the Gothick God of Darkness. (alternative link)
- Runa Journal: Exploring Northern European Myth, Mystery and Magic, Rune-Gild, London. Edited by Ian Read
- Tyr: Myth-Culture-Tradition Volume I: The Idea of Integral Culture: A model for a Revolt Against the Modern World, 2002 ISBN 0-9720292-0-6
- Tyr: Myth-Culture-Tradition Volume II: The First Northern Renaissance: The Reawakening of the Germanic Spirit in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries in Germany, Sweden and England, 2004 ISBN 0-9720292-1-4
- (ed./trans.) On Magical Runes by Magnus Olsen, Symbel (1: 2006), pp. 27-47
Tyr: Myth-Culture-Tradition Volume III: The Spear of Destiny, 2007 ISBN 0-9720292-3-0